TIME TO FOCUS ON 6G TERAHERTZ FOR THE 2030 TECHNOLOGY REVOLUTION
Even though the 5G transformation is only beginning, the focus has shifted to the 6G for the 2030 technology revolution. This will allow terahertz technologies to benefit from hyper-connected experiences. Businesses must be prepared to compete in 2030, a crucial year.
The Internet of Things and quantum computing are key technology domains developed countries and business organizations plan to use and increase their competitive advantage.
We see a huge urgency to prepare society and the world for 2030’s technological vision, viewed as the year of a revolution.
I posted a recent article on the competition for quantum computing, super artificial intelligence systems, and other technologies in countries such as China, Germany, and Canada. These countries are heavily invested in these technologies. 6G wireless communications is a hot topic in the technology industry.
We haven’t yet moved from 4G too. Many countries are still struggling with migration from 2G to 3. To the delight of some, proactive technology communities are already creating a framework to enable 6G with agility.
This post will discuss the history and evolution of wireless communications and outline the vision of Samsung and the Hexa_X. This joint European Commission research initiative shapes 6G to achieve the 2030 technology revolution. An online consortium was the first step in the initiative’s creation last January.
Evolution of Wireless Communication Systems
Before I get into the details, let me briefly outline the history and significance of 6G. Based on my experience, this includes information about each generation of wireless communication. This includes 1G, 2G, and 3G. This interesting development pattern was evident in my career as a technology professional.
1G was developed in the 1970s. It utilized AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service), NMT [Nordic Mobile Telephone], and TACS (Total Access Control System). Technologies.
The frequency rate of 1G was 30 KHz, with 2Kbps bandwidth. FDNA (Future Directions in Network Architecture), an access system that used FDNA (Future Directions in Network Architecture), and a Core Network of PSTN, a Public Switched Telephone Network.
2G was first introduced in the 1980s. GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is a technology that supports 1.8 GHz frequency, up to 64 Kbps bandwidth, and supports the use of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications). 2G also used TDMA and CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access), as access systems and PSTN, as the Core Network, which is similar to 1G.
3G was first introduced in the 1990s. WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) was the enabling technology. WCDMA is The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System’s standard.
Although the frequency rate increased slightly to 2GHz, bandwidth was up to 2Mbps. The access system was still CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) but the Core Network used a combination of Circuit and Packet Switching networks methods to group data.
4G was developed in the same decade that saw LTE’s development around 2000. It evolved into LTE (Long Term Evolution), WiMax (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), technologies that reached 8 GHz frequency and 1 Gbps bandwidth.
While the access system remained CMDA, the Core Network was transformed into the Internet.
5G was developed in 2010, but the first 5G implementation occurred in 2019. MIMO (Multiple Input & Multiple Output) and MM Waves are the core technologies of 5G.
The bandwidth increased to 5 Gbps, and the frequency increased to 30 GHz. OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access) and BDMA(Beam Division Multiple Access) were access systems. The Internet was the network for 5G.
The Reasons Behind 6G Wireless Communication System
It might be difficult to understand why 6G will be needed and how we can rush so fast if 5G is fast enough. It seems like a quick move, given current technology and conditions. Imagine if we adopt self-driving cars. These vehicles will rely on the speed of communication.
Each vehicle will have a communication device that connects to all other cars on the road and receives signals from them. This requires extremely high speed and reliable connections to autonomously make decisions while driving in microseconds.
For such a scenario, the 6G features that were envisioned will be crucial. We need at least ten more years to create and implement a new generation communication system.
We are already nearing the end of 2021, so it makes sense for society to start reaping the benefits of 6G in the early 2030s. Many countries and leading organizations are focusing on the 2030 technology revolution.
Humanity also plans to expand its existence to celestial bodies in the cosmos. I briefly discuss an article using Elon Musk and Bill Gates to illustrate this. This goal requires extraordinary data collection and processing speed.
Although 5G has the speed capability required for current scenarios, it cannot meet future demands. 6G will address future concerns and meet current capacity and scalability needs. This proactive approach is time-sensitive as developing such technology could take up to a decade.
Architecturally, this is the key technology enabler to transform from 5G’s millimeter wave capability to 6G’s sub-millimeter wave capability. This will increase communication efficiency and reliability.
Without artificial intelligence, achieving such ambitious implementation capabilities with the current communication infrastructure is impossible. Samsung is raising awareness about the importance of these technological constructs.
In a whitepaper, Samsung presented the 6G vision last July. The white paper is entitled The Next Hyper-Connected experience for all.
The paper’s key points include the machine as the primary users, new and comprehensive AI wireless communications, openness to mobile communications, social goals, and immersive XRs (Extended Reality).
Samsung emphasized three non-functional requirements: performance, flexibility architecture, and trustworthiness. These are broad topics, so I will address them separately in future articles.
Some companies are working on content for 6G. ImmersiveXR focuses on virtual reality, augmented reality, 360 videos, and gamification. They also offer live events that provide strategic planning consultations for turnkey deployments worldwide.
Another technology company, Ericsson, stated, “The preparation will handle the aggregation filtering and fusion of data streams. The processes are monitored in real-time, and actuators will allow for autonomous operations.
The network will also generate sensory data, such as identity, position, timestamps, and spatial mapping information, to improve observability. Although 5G allows basic functions, 6G will enable enhancements in these areas.
The 6G vision is being heavily discussed in Europe, China, and the US. Many large companies also plan to participate in 6G research and development. Apple, for example, is looking for engineers to help with research and development in 6G.
Takeaways and Conclusions
It is important to understand the differences between 6G/5G. The key features are reliability, lower latency, spectral efficacy, energy efficiency, and connection density.
It is important to quickly transmit large amounts of data without latency. This includes the need to send large-sized holograms. 6G capability will be required to handle ubiquitous data generated by nanoscale IoT devices within the mesh network topology.
We will also need 6G’s planned capabilities if Elon Musk’s Super AI or Neurolink becomes a reality. In the coming decade, other sci-fi possibilities like wearable or indigestible technologies exist.
When designing technology, it is important to take into account environmental constraints. Sustainability is dependent on the power consumption of each generation.
Electricity consumption is a major ecological problem. According to thought leaders, 6G could solve the energy consumption problem.
People were concerned we hadn’t moved from 3G/4G networks to 5G. This is an economic and social concern.
It is not too late to define 6G networks and develop mathematical models.
We must also use more sustainable technologies to combat climate change and protect our environment. 6G appears to be a value proposition for the perceived technological revolution and environmental care in the future of society moving towards transhumans.
I am grateful for your interest in my views. I wish you a happy and healthy life.
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